Quadriceps muscle ultrasound as a new tool for diagnosing muscle wasting in renal diseases

Alice Baganha Sabatino

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisExternal prepared

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Abstract

Loss of skeletal muscle is a frequent finding in patients with kidney disease. The identification of low muscle mass in the clinical practice is usually made by applying indirect methodologies, such as anthropometrics and bioelectrical impedance technologies, which have important limitations that hamper their use in the renal setting. In particular, measurements obtained with those two methods are prone to variability based on the fluid status of patients, which can be a problem in a population in which fluid overload is a frequent finding, a real problem in the renal setting. The aim of this dissertation was to develop a new, more accurate methodology for the assessment of skeletal muscle that can be used in routine clinical practice. On this regard, quadriceps muscle ultrasound was studied and applied in different settings of patients with kidney disease (acute and chronic settings). Findings of this research show that this new methodology, which is low cost and highly available in the clinical practice, is also accurate, sensitive and is not influenced by fluid status, allowing for a more precise assessment of muscle status of patients with kidney disease.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Kooman, Jeroen, Supervisor
  • Fiaccadori, E., Co-Supervisor, External person
Award date13 Dec 2021
Place of PublicationMaastricht
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789464169355
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • body composition
  • kidney disease
  • muscle ultrasound
  • muscle loss

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