In the European punitive damages debate there is both strong interest in and strong resistance to the sanction. This chapterexplores the question whether the sanction has a future in continental Europe. The topic will be dealt with from different angles: American punitive damages law, objections that are intrinsic to continental European legal traditions, causes for the increased interest in the sanction, and the status quo of punitive damages rejection in view of the position of three European institutions. Recommendations will be provided that should help to get the theory right and to overcome difficulties relating to the introduction of punitive damages. The popular punitive damages categories in American law are the categories in which the sanction could especially play a role in continental Europe. This is in line with the calls for powerful civil sanctions to improve private enforcement and deal with intentional, calculative and grave misconduct.
|Title of host publication||Punitive damages and private international law: State of the art and future developments|
|Editors||Stefania Bariatti, Luigi Fumagalli, Zeno Crespi Reghizzi|
|Place of Publication||Milano|
|Number of pages||31|
|Publication status||Published - May 2019|
|Series||Studi e Pubblicazioni della Rivista di Diritto Internazionale Privato e Processuale|
Meurkens, R. C. (2019). Punitive damages: Foundations to start with. In S. Bariatti, L. Fumagalli, & Z. Crespi Reghizzi (Eds.), Punitive damages and private international law: State of the art and future developments (Vol. 83, pp. 1-31). Cedam. Studi e Pubblicazioni della Rivista di Diritto Internazionale Privato e Processuale, Vol.. 83