Prothrombin contributes to the assembly of the factor Va-factor Xa complex at phosphatidylserine-containing phospholipid membranes

Didier Billy, George M. Willems, H. Coenraad. Hemker, Theo Lindhout

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    The activation of prothrombin is catalyzed by prothrombinase, a complex of factor Xa and factor Va assembled on a negatively charged phospholipid membrane, We used a tubular flow reactor to identify the relative contributions of factor Va, prothrombin, and the negatively charged phosphatidylserine to the assembly of prothrombinase. Perfusion of phospholipid-coated capillaries with a mixture of factor Xa, factor Va, and prothrombin resulted in a steady-state rate of thrombin production that increased with (i) the phosphatidylserine content of the phospholipid bilayer, (ii) the factor Va concentration, and, most interestingly, (iii) the prothrombin concentration of the perfusion solution, Incorporation of 20 mol % phosphatidylethanolamine, a phospholipid with poor ability to promote prothrombinase activity, into a 5 mol % phosphatidylserine membrane also increased the steady-state rate of thrombin production, Direct measurements of the amount of prothrombinase in the flow reactor demonstrated that increased catalytic activities were the result of an increased steady-state amount of membrane associated prothrombinase. Thus, similar turnover numbers of prothrombin activation (3100 min(-1)) were calculated, irrespective of the phosphatidylserine content of the membrane, We established for membranes with low phosphatidylserine content (<10 mol%) a linear relationship between the prothrombinase activity and the arithmetical product of the factor Va concentration in the perfusion solution and the prothrombin concentration near the catalytic surface, Our results indicate that, in addition to factor Va, prothrombin also is essential to the assembly of prothrombinase at macroscopic surfaces with low phosphatidylserine content. The data further suggest that the prothrombin concentration near the surface, controlled by the prothrombinase activity and mass transfer, is an important regulator of the prothrombinase surface density,
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)26883-26889
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Issue number45
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 1995

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