Prognosis of patients with haematological malignancies admitted to the intensive care unit: Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) trend is a powerful predictor of mortality

Daniel A. Geerse, Lambert F. R. Span, Sara-joan Pinto-Sietsma, Walther N. K. A. van Mook*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

30 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: The prognosis of patients with haematological malignancies who are admitted to the ICU is generally poor. In order to optimize care, it is important to be able to determine which patients are most likely to benefit from continuation of treatment after ICU admission. Methods: Data of 86 patients with a haematological malignancy consecutively admitted to the ICU of Maastricht University Medical Centre were examined in a retrospective cohort study in order to identify clinically useful prognostic parameters. Results: ICU mortality was 56% and in-hospital mortality was 65%. Non-survivors had higher APACHE-II and SOFA scores compared with survivors (32 +/- 8.0 versus 25 +/- 6.5 and 11.5 +/- 3.1 versus 8.5 +/- 3.0, respectively). The mortality rate was significantly higher in patients with an increasing SOFA score (>= 2 points) compared with patients with an unchanged or decreasing SOFA score (72% versus 58% and 21%, respectively). Mortality was also higher in patients requiring invasive mechanical ventilation or inotropic/vasopressor therapy. Conclusion: The mortality rate among patients with haematological malignancies who are admitted to the ICU is high and mainly associated with the severity of illness, as reflected by more severe and worsening organ failure and a need for mechanical ventilation or inotropic/vasopressor therapy. Several factors appear to be associated with a poor outcome, but no absolute predictors of mortality could be identified, although the results suggest that changes in the SOFA score during the stay in the ICU can be helpful in the decision making about the continuation or discontinuation of treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-61
JournalEuropean journal of internal medicine
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Haematological malignancy
  • Intensive care
  • Critical care
  • Mortality
  • Prognosis
  • Organ failure

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