Platelet full length TFPI-alpha in healthy volunteers is not affected by sex or hormonal use

Kristien Winckers, Stella Thomassen, Hugo ten Cate, Tilman M. Hackeng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background

Only 10% of plasma TFPI alpha (TFPI) exists in the full length form, the rest circulates as a C-terminally truncated form. However, blood platelets exclusively contain full length TFPI, which is released at the site of injury upon platelet activation, and which could play an important local regulatory role in thrombin generation and prevention of thrombosis.

Methods

The anticoagulant activities of full length and truncated TFPI were investigated using thrombin generation assays. Blood samples were obtained from 30 healthy volunteers (10 male subjects, 10 female subjects, and 10 females using oral contraceptives). Platelet TFPI was released in platelet rich plasma and in platelet isolates using convulxin or thrombin, and measured by free TFPI ELISA and thrombin generation assays.

Results

Full length TFPI and platelet TFPI were much more potent inhibitors of thrombin generation than truncated TFPI, which was virtually inactive. Although mean plasma TFPI antigen levels decreased from men (0.30 nM) to women (0.20 nM) to women using oral contraceptives (0.11 nM), no relevant differences were found in platelet TFPI among those subgroups.

Conclusions

Platelets release similar amounts of TFPI regardless of plasma TFPI concentrations and is unaffected by sex or oral contraceptive use. We speculate that platelet TFPI is important to prevent systemic coagulation and thrombosis and restrict thrombus formation to the site of the growing platelet plug. The stable contribution of platelet TFPI to the anticoagulant potential in plasma is likely to become particularly relevant under conditions of low plasma TFPI levels in combination of oral contraceptives use.

Original languageEnglish
Article number0168273
Number of pages12
JournalPLOS ONE
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2017

Keywords

  • FACTOR PATHWAY INHIBITOR
  • TISSUE FACTOR PATHWAY
  • RECURRENT VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM
  • PROTEIN-S
  • COAGULATION INHIBITOR
  • ORAL-CONTRACEPTIVES
  • THROMBIN GENERATION
  • FACTOR-XA
  • PLASMA
  • RISK

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