Persistent subfoveal fluid and increased preoperative foveal thickness impair visual outcome after macula-off retinal detachment repair.

L. J. Ricker, L. J. Noordzij, F. Goezinne, D.W. Cals, T.T.J.M. Berendschot, A.T. Liem, F. Hendrikse, E.C. La Heij

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Abstract

PURPOSE:: To investigate the influence of subfoveal fluid and foveal thickness on visual outcome in patients who underwent reattachment surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). METHODS:: This prospective study included 53 patients who were undergoing successful scleral buckling surgery for primary RRD. A thorough ophthalmologic examination including best-corrected visual acuity, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy, and optical coherence tomography scanning was performed preoperatively and during all subsequent follow-up visits at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. RESULTS:: Preoperative foveal thickness was significantly higher in the macula-off group (n = 38) compared with the macula-on group (n = 15) (P < 0.0001), whereas postoperative measurements were normal in both the groups. Linear mixed-model analysis revealed that persistent subfoveal fluid (P = 0.0004) was an independent predictor of a worse visual outcome after scleral buckling surgery for primary macula-off RRD, although the effect on visual outcome was small (0.1 logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution units). Moreover, increased preoperative foveal thickness was associated with a worse visual prognosis in macula-off RRD (P = 0.010). CONCLUSION:: Persistent subfoveal fluid and increased preoperative foveal thickness were associated with a worse visual prognosis in macula-off RRD patients, albeit the effect of persistent subfoveal fluid was small and temporary.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1505-1512
Number of pages8
JournalRetina-The Journal of Retinal and Vitreous Diseases
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

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