Perceptions and Reasons Regarding E-Cigarette Use among Users and Non-Users: A Narrative Literature Review

Kim A. G. J. Romijnders*, Liesbeth van Osch, Hein de Vries, Reinskje Talhout

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

78 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

This paper aims to provide an in-depth understanding of the attractiveness of e-cigarettes for several different groups. For this purpose, perceptions of and reasons for e-cigarette use were systematically reviewed as reported by e-cigarette users, cigarette smokers, dual users, and non-users, among both adults and youth. MEDLINE (R) and Scopus were used to search for relevant articles, and references of included studies were also investigated. Two reviewers screened all titles and abstracts independently, blinded to authors and journal titles (Cohen's Kappa = 0.83), resulting in 72 eligible articles. Risk perceptions, perceived benefits, and reasons for e-cigarette use were categorized in themes and sub-themes. Risk perceptions included harmfulness in general, and specific health risks. Perceived benefits included improved taste and smell, and safety for bystanders. Reasons for use included (health) benefits, curiosity, smoking cessation, and friends using e-cigarettes. The findings highlight that there is a variety of perceptions and reasons mentioned by adult and youth e-cigarette users, cigarette smokers, dual users, and non-users. As such, this overview provides valuable information for scientists, public health professionals, behavior change experts, and regulators to improve future research, risk communication, and possibilities to effectively regulate e-cigarettes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1190
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • electronic cigarette
  • adults
  • youth
  • perceptions
  • reasons
  • dual use
  • NICOTINE DELIVERY-SYSTEMS
  • STOP SMOKING SERVICE
  • WORK YOUNG-ADULTS
  • ELECTRONIC CIGARETTES
  • TOBACCO PRODUCTS
  • COLLEGE-STUDENTS
  • GREAT-BRITAIN
  • RELATIVE HARM
  • PERCEIVED HARMFULNESS
  • FORMER SMOKERS

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