Perceived disturbance and predictors thereof in studies using the experience sampling method

A. Rintala*, M. Wampers, G. Lafit, I. Myin-Germeys, W. Viechtbauer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

Intensive repeated momentary diary techniques, such as the experience sampling method (ESM), place considerable burden on study participants by repeatedly prompting them to fill in a questionnaire several times throughout the day. The objective of this study was to investigate the level of disturbance reported by participants and predictors thereof using a pooled dataset of seven ESM studies including 1319 healthy participants and individuals with different mental health conditions. All studies used a design of 10 prompts per day over the course of 4 to 6 days. Participants reported no disturbance at 37% of the measurement occasions and the overall level of disturbance was relatively low. Also, clinical samples did not report significantly different levels of disturbance compared to the healthy participants. However, higher levels of disturbance were found for later study days, in the morning, and on weekends. Also, younger participants reported feeling more disturbed by the prompts. In terms of momentary states, higher levels of activity, activity stress, and tiredness were associated with higher disturbance. Also, participants experienced more disturbance when in company compared to when alone, and the level of disturbance increased when in company with less familiar people. Our findings suggest that studies using high-frequency ESM protocols can be used in mental health research, but researchers should be aware of the possible disturbance caused by their research design.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
JournalCurrent Psychology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Burden
  • CLINICAL-ASSESSMENT
  • DAILY-LIFE STRESS
  • DIARY
  • Data quality
  • Disturbance
  • ECOLOGICAL MOMENTARY ASSESSMENT
  • EMA
  • EMOTIONAL REACTIVITY
  • EVERYDAY LIFE
  • Ecological momentary assessment
  • Experience sampling method
  • PSYCHOSIS
  • SYMPTOMS
  • TIME
  • STRESS-REACTIVITY

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