Patterns of Use of Perioperative Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery With Cardiopulmonary Bypass Effects on In-Hospital Morbidity and Mortality

Multicenter Study of Perioperative, Paul Roekaerts

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Abstract

Despite proven benefit in ambulatory patients with ischemic heart disease, the pattern of use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) in coronary artery bypass graft surgery has been erratic and controversial.This is a prospective observational study of 4224 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The cohort included 1838 patients receiving ACEI therapy before surgery and 2386 (56.5%) without ACEI exposure. Postoperatively, the pattern of ACEI use yielded 4 groups: continuation, 915 (21.7%); withdrawal, 923 (21.8%); addition, 343 (8.1%); and no ACEI, 2043 (48.4%). Continuous treatment with ACEI versus no ACEI was associated with substantive reductions of risk of nonfatal events (adjusted odds ratio for the composite outcome, 0.69; 95% confidence interval, 0.52-0.91; P=0.009) and a cardiovascular event (odds ratio, 0.64; 95% confidence interval, 0.46-0.88; P=0.006). Addition of ACEI de novo postoperatively compared with no ACEI therapy was also associated with a significant reduction of risk of composite outcome (odds ratio, 0.56; 95% confidence interval, 0.38-0.84; P=0.004) and a cardiovascular event (odds ratio, 0.63; 95% confidence interval, 0.40-0.97; P=0.04). On the other hand, continuous treatment of ACEI versus withdrawal of ACEI was associated with decreased risk of the composite outcome (odds ratio, 0.50; 95% confidence interval, 0.38-0.66; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-269
JournalCirculation
Volume126
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2012

Keywords

  • anesthesia
  • angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
  • cardiopulmonary bypass
  • coronary artery bypass
  • postoperative complications

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