Abstract

Context: There is an ongoing debate about whether and how fructose is involved in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). A recent experimental study showed an increased intrahepatic triglyceride (IHTG) content in mice deficient for aldolase B (aldo B-/-), the enzyme that converts fructose-1-phosphate to triose phosphates.

Objective: To translate these experimental findings to the human situation.

Design: Case-control study.

Setting: Outpatient clinic for inborn errors of metabolism.

Patients or Other Participants: Patients with hereditary fructose intolerance, a rare inborn error of metabolism caused by a defect in aldolase B (n = 15), and healthy persons matched for age, sex, and body mass index (BMI) (n =15).

Main Outcome Measure: IHTG content, assessed by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Results: IHTG content was higher in aldo B-/- patients than controls (2.5% vs 0.6%; P = 0.001) on a background of lean body mass (median BMI, 20.4 and 21.8 kg/m(2), respectively). Glucose excursions during an oral glucose load were higher in aldo B-/- patients (P = 0.043). Hypoglycosylated transferrin, a surrogate marker for hepatic fructose-1-phosphate concentrations, was more abundant in aldo B-/- patients than in controls (P <0.001). Finally, plasma beta-hydroxybutyrate, a biomarker of hepatic beta-oxidation, was lower in aldo B-/- patients than controls (P = 0.009).

Conclusions: This study extends previous experimental findings by demonstrating that aldolase B deficiency also results in IHTG accumulation in humans. It suggests that the accumulation of fructose-1-phosphate and impairment of beta-oxidation are involved in the pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5053-5061
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
Volume104
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • FATTY LIVER-DISEASE
  • HEREDITARY FRUCTOSE INTOLERANCE
  • MAGNETIC-RESONANCE-SPECTROSCOPY
  • INSULIN SENSITIVITY
  • HEPATIC STEATOSIS
  • DIETS
  • ACIDS
  • GLYCOSYLATION
  • CONSUMPTION
  • PREVALENCE

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