Parental information-seeking behaviour in childhood vaccinations

I.A. Harmsen, G.G. Doorman, L. Mollema, R.A.C. Ruiter, G. Kok, H.E.R. de Melker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: People want to be well informed and ask for more information regarding their health. The public can use different sources (i.e. the Internet, health care providers, friends, family, television, radio, and newspapers) to access information about their health. Insight into the types and sources of vaccine related information that parents use, and reasons why they seek extra information is needed to improve the existing information supply about childhood vaccinations. METHODS: Dutch parents with one or more children aged 0-4 years received an online questionnaire (N=4,000) measuring psychosocial determinants of information-seeking behaviour and self-reports of types and sources of vaccine information searched for (response rate 14.8%). We also tested two invitation approaches (i.e., reply card versus Internet link in invitation letter) to observe the difference in response rate. RESULTS: Almost half of the parents (45.8%) searched for extra information. Of all the respondents, 13% indicated they had missed some information, particularly about side effects of vaccines (25%). Intention to search for vaccination information was influenced by positive attitude and perceived social norm towards information-seeking behaviour. There was no difference in the response rate between the two invitation approaches. CONCLUSIONS: The information provided by the National Immunization Programme (NIP) might be sufficient for most parents. However, some parents mentioned that they did not receive enough information about side effects of vaccinations, which was also the topic most searched for by parents. Public Health Institutes (PHIs) and child healthcare workers should therefore be aware of the importance to mention this aspect in their communication (materials) towards parents. The PHIs must ensure that their website is easy to find with different search strategies. Since the child healthcare worker is perceived as the most reliable information source, they should be aware of their role in educating parents about the NIP.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1219
Number of pages10
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2013

Keywords

  • COMMUNICATION
  • DECISIONS
  • HEALTH-CARE WORKERS
  • Health communication
  • IMMUNIZATION
  • IMPACT
  • INTERNET
  • Information need
  • Information seeking
  • Internet
  • NATIONAL TRENDS SURVEY
  • PLANNED BEHAVIOR
  • Reasoned action approach
  • Vaccination
  • WEBSITES
  • WORLD-WIDE-WEB

Cite this

Harmsen, I.A. ; Doorman, G.G. ; Mollema, L. ; Ruiter, R.A.C. ; Kok, G. ; de Melker, H.E.R. / Parental information-seeking behaviour in childhood vaccinations. In: BMC Public Health. 2013 ; Vol. 13.
@article{8402831d21ef4f92a9d186a66d677094,
title = "Parental information-seeking behaviour in childhood vaccinations",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: People want to be well informed and ask for more information regarding their health. The public can use different sources (i.e. the Internet, health care providers, friends, family, television, radio, and newspapers) to access information about their health. Insight into the types and sources of vaccine related information that parents use, and reasons why they seek extra information is needed to improve the existing information supply about childhood vaccinations. METHODS: Dutch parents with one or more children aged 0-4 years received an online questionnaire (N=4,000) measuring psychosocial determinants of information-seeking behaviour and self-reports of types and sources of vaccine information searched for (response rate 14.8{\%}). We also tested two invitation approaches (i.e., reply card versus Internet link in invitation letter) to observe the difference in response rate. RESULTS: Almost half of the parents (45.8{\%}) searched for extra information. Of all the respondents, 13{\%} indicated they had missed some information, particularly about side effects of vaccines (25{\%}). Intention to search for vaccination information was influenced by positive attitude and perceived social norm towards information-seeking behaviour. There was no difference in the response rate between the two invitation approaches. CONCLUSIONS: The information provided by the National Immunization Programme (NIP) might be sufficient for most parents. However, some parents mentioned that they did not receive enough information about side effects of vaccinations, which was also the topic most searched for by parents. Public Health Institutes (PHIs) and child healthcare workers should therefore be aware of the importance to mention this aspect in their communication (materials) towards parents. The PHIs must ensure that their website is easy to find with different search strategies. Since the child healthcare worker is perceived as the most reliable information source, they should be aware of their role in educating parents about the NIP.",
keywords = "COMMUNICATION, DECISIONS, HEALTH-CARE WORKERS, Health communication, IMMUNIZATION, IMPACT, INTERNET, Information need, Information seeking, Internet, NATIONAL TRENDS SURVEY, PLANNED BEHAVIOR, Reasoned action approach, Vaccination, WEBSITES, WORLD-WIDE-WEB",
author = "I.A. Harmsen and G.G. Doorman and L. Mollema and R.A.C. Ruiter and G. Kok and {de Melker}, H.E.R.",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2458-13-1219",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
journal = "BMC Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd",

}

Parental information-seeking behaviour in childhood vaccinations. / Harmsen, I.A.; Doorman, G.G.; Mollema, L.; Ruiter, R.A.C.; Kok, G.; de Melker, H.E.R.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 13, 1219, 21.12.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Parental information-seeking behaviour in childhood vaccinations

AU - Harmsen, I.A.

AU - Doorman, G.G.

AU - Mollema, L.

AU - Ruiter, R.A.C.

AU - Kok, G.

AU - de Melker, H.E.R.

PY - 2013/12/21

Y1 - 2013/12/21

N2 - BACKGROUND: People want to be well informed and ask for more information regarding their health. The public can use different sources (i.e. the Internet, health care providers, friends, family, television, radio, and newspapers) to access information about their health. Insight into the types and sources of vaccine related information that parents use, and reasons why they seek extra information is needed to improve the existing information supply about childhood vaccinations. METHODS: Dutch parents with one or more children aged 0-4 years received an online questionnaire (N=4,000) measuring psychosocial determinants of information-seeking behaviour and self-reports of types and sources of vaccine information searched for (response rate 14.8%). We also tested two invitation approaches (i.e., reply card versus Internet link in invitation letter) to observe the difference in response rate. RESULTS: Almost half of the parents (45.8%) searched for extra information. Of all the respondents, 13% indicated they had missed some information, particularly about side effects of vaccines (25%). Intention to search for vaccination information was influenced by positive attitude and perceived social norm towards information-seeking behaviour. There was no difference in the response rate between the two invitation approaches. CONCLUSIONS: The information provided by the National Immunization Programme (NIP) might be sufficient for most parents. However, some parents mentioned that they did not receive enough information about side effects of vaccinations, which was also the topic most searched for by parents. Public Health Institutes (PHIs) and child healthcare workers should therefore be aware of the importance to mention this aspect in their communication (materials) towards parents. The PHIs must ensure that their website is easy to find with different search strategies. Since the child healthcare worker is perceived as the most reliable information source, they should be aware of their role in educating parents about the NIP.

AB - BACKGROUND: People want to be well informed and ask for more information regarding their health. The public can use different sources (i.e. the Internet, health care providers, friends, family, television, radio, and newspapers) to access information about their health. Insight into the types and sources of vaccine related information that parents use, and reasons why they seek extra information is needed to improve the existing information supply about childhood vaccinations. METHODS: Dutch parents with one or more children aged 0-4 years received an online questionnaire (N=4,000) measuring psychosocial determinants of information-seeking behaviour and self-reports of types and sources of vaccine information searched for (response rate 14.8%). We also tested two invitation approaches (i.e., reply card versus Internet link in invitation letter) to observe the difference in response rate. RESULTS: Almost half of the parents (45.8%) searched for extra information. Of all the respondents, 13% indicated they had missed some information, particularly about side effects of vaccines (25%). Intention to search for vaccination information was influenced by positive attitude and perceived social norm towards information-seeking behaviour. There was no difference in the response rate between the two invitation approaches. CONCLUSIONS: The information provided by the National Immunization Programme (NIP) might be sufficient for most parents. However, some parents mentioned that they did not receive enough information about side effects of vaccinations, which was also the topic most searched for by parents. Public Health Institutes (PHIs) and child healthcare workers should therefore be aware of the importance to mention this aspect in their communication (materials) towards parents. The PHIs must ensure that their website is easy to find with different search strategies. Since the child healthcare worker is perceived as the most reliable information source, they should be aware of their role in educating parents about the NIP.

KW - COMMUNICATION

KW - DECISIONS

KW - HEALTH-CARE WORKERS

KW - Health communication

KW - IMMUNIZATION

KW - IMPACT

KW - INTERNET

KW - Information need

KW - Information seeking

KW - Internet

KW - NATIONAL TRENDS SURVEY

KW - PLANNED BEHAVIOR

KW - Reasoned action approach

KW - Vaccination

KW - WEBSITES

KW - WORLD-WIDE-WEB

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1219

DO - 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1219

M3 - Article

VL - 13

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

M1 - 1219

ER -