Outcomes of Octogenarians with Primary Malignant Cardiac Tumors: National Cancer Database Analysis

Mohamed Rahouma*, Massimo Baudo, Anas Dabsha, Arnaldo Dimagli, Abdelrahman Mohamed, Stephanie L Mick, Leonard Girardi, Mario Gaudino, Roberto Lorusso

*Corresponding author for this work

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Data concerning age-related populations affected with primary malignant cardiac tumors (PMCTs) are still scarce. The aim of the current study was to analyze mortality differences amongst different age groups of patients with PMCTs, as reported by the National Cancer Database (NCDB). The NCDB was retrospectively reviewed for PMCTs from 2004 to 2017. The primary outcome was late mortality differences amongst different age categories (octogenarian, septuagenarian, younger age), while secondary outcomes included differences in treatment patterns and perioperative (30-day) mortality. A total of 736 patients were included, including 72 (9.8%) septuagenarians and 44 (5.98%) octogenarians. Angiosarcoma was the most prevalent PMCT. Surgery was performed in 432 (58.7%) patients (60.3%, 55.6%, and 40.9% in younger age, septuagenarian, and octogenarian, respectively, p = 0.04), with a corresponding 30-day mortality of 9.0% (7.0, 15.0, and 38.9% respectively, p < 0.001) and a median overall survival of 15.7 months (18.1, 8.7, and 4.5 months respectively). Using multivariable Cox regression, independent predictors of late mortality included octogenarian, governmental insurance, CDCC grade II/III, earlier year of diagnosis, angiosarcoma, stage III/IV, and absence of surgery/chemotherapy. With increasing age, patients presented a more significant comorbidity burden compared to younger ones and were treated more conservatively. Early and late survival outcomes progressively declined with advanced age.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4899
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2022

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