Optimal ECG Lead System for Automatic Myocardial Ischemia Detection

Misha Glazunov, Alfons Raul Aranda Hernandez, Carlo Galuzzi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingAcademicpeer-review


In this paper, we study features that are not commonly used in clinical practice but may play a role in the automatic detection of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) using a reduced 3-lead ECG system: fragmented QRS in the time domain and intra-QRS in the time-frequency domain. Using chaos theory we reconstruct attractors from ECG and devise geometrical features and two main dynamical invariants: the correlation dimension and the Lyapunov exponent. For validation, we use the Physionet STAFF III dataset. We perform automatic classification using the gradient boosting machine and identify the optimal 3-lead ECG system, achieving promising results: the area under the ROC curve (AUC) is 0.91. It improves the results obtained with the baseline features such as ST-segment elevation and T-wave inversion: AUC 0.85. Finally, we combine new parameters with the baseline features and enhance the final model with previously introduced pseudo-vectorcardiography parameters. The results account for all regions of the heart ischemia: anterior, inferior, and posterior. The proposed automatic algorithm allows the easiest way to determine the first signs of AMI in a patient's ECG based on the input from the minimal number of leads.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 Computing in Cardiology (CinC)
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event2021 Computing in Cardiology (CinC) - Brno, Czech Republic, Brno, Czech Republic
Duration: 13 Sept 202115 Sept 2021


Conference2021 Computing in Cardiology (CinC)
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic
Internet address

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