Objective: The aim of this study was to compare surgical results and survival outcome of advanced ovarian cancer patients who were treated with primary versus interval debulking surgery.
Study design: In this retrospective study stage III and IV ovarian cancer patients who received debulking surgery from 2006 to 2015 were included. Surgical results were described as complete, optimal or suboptimal debulking and chi-square test was used to assess significant differences. Overall survival was measured using Kaplan-Meier curves, the log-rank test and uni- and multivariable Cox regression analyses.
Results: Of 146 patients included in the study, 55 patients were treated with primary debulking surgery (PDS) followed by adjuvant chemotherapy and 91 patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) followed by interval debulking surgery (IDS). Complete or optimal debulking (0-10 mm of residual disease) was achieved in 76.4% (n=42) of the PDS group and in 79.1% (n=72) of the IDS group. Overall median survival was 38 months for PDS and 31 months for IDS, which was not significantly different (p=0.181). In the IDS group, a significant difference was found in OS between complete and optimal resection (p=0.013). Besides that, no difference in survival outcome was found in the IDS group between patients with optimal or suboptimal debulking (median survival were 20 and 19 months respectively).
Conclusion: Complete debulking surgery is of utmost importance, both in case of PDS and IDS. Achieving optimal interval debulking of 1-10 mm residual disease did not show any survival benefit over suboptimal interval debulking. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2017|
- Epithelial ovarian cancer
- Cytoreductive surgery
- Debulking surgery
- Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
- GRADE SEROUS CARCINOMA
- PRIMARY SURGERY
- INTERVAL DEBULKING
- CYTOREDUCTIVE SURGERY
- STAGE IV