One-Minute Walk Test in Children with Cerebral Palsy GMFCS Level 1 and 2: Reference Values to Identify Therapeutic Effects after Rehabilitation

K. Martakis*, C. Stark, M. Rehberg, O. Semler, I. Duran, E. Schoenau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Web of Science)


Background: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) show age-driven development and individual fluctuations in walking capacity. Aim: 1. To precisely quantify 1MWT changes in children with CP, GMFCS level 1 and 2, generating 1MWT percentiles, depicting expected development over 6 months; 2. to assess the effect of a 6-month rehabilitation using whole-body vibration (WBV). Methods: Retrospective data analysis in 210 children with CP, GMFCS 1 and 2 who received standardized rehabilitation (DRKS00011331). 1MWT was assessed before (M0) and after treatment (M6), and at a 6-month follow-up (M12). Centiles were created using the lambda-mu-sigma method. Cohen's d was used to assess effect size. Results: We created 1MWT percentiles using data of all 210 children (M0 data). A small treatment effect size (d = 0.46) was found (M6 and M12 data). Conclusions: Using the generated centiles clinicians may monitor 1MWT changes over 6 months. Combining WBV and conventional physiotherapy may improve 1MWT in children with CP.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-209
Number of pages9
JournalDevelopmental Neurorehabilitation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 18 May 2020


  • cerebral palsy
  • effect size
  • gross motor function
  • one-minute-walk test
  • reliability
  • walking capacity
  • whole-body vibration
  • Cerebral palsy

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