Occupations and the Non-Standard Employment Career: How the Occupational Skill Level and Task Types Influence the Career Outcomes of Non-Standard Employment

Lucille Mattijssen*, D. Pavlopoulos, Wendy Smits

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This article examines to what extent the occupational skill level and task types determine whether non-standard employment (NSE) leads to a stepping-stone or a trap in the careers of workers. For this purpose, a typology of the individual careers of workers in the Netherlands who entered non-standard employment in 2007 is created using multichannel sequence analysis. This typology allows for classifying careers in terms of employment security and income security. An analysis of this typology shows that working in occupations with high-level tasks does not preclude trap careers with low levels of employment and income security. Routine tasks do not have an unequivocal effect on career outcomes, while manual tasks generally lead to trap careers. The combination of routine and manual tasks makes it most likely for NSE to function as a trap in workers’ careers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0950017020902984
Pages (from-to)495–513
Number of pages19
JournalWork Employment and Society
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020


  • labour market inequality
  • multichannel sequence analysis
  • non-standard employment
  • occupations
  • skills
  • tasks
  • JOBS

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