Occupational activity and cognitive aging: a case-control study based on the maastricht aging study

W. van der Elst, M.P.J. van Boxtel, J. Jolles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Study Context: Occupational activity is associated with cognitive functioning in older age. The mental exercise hypothesis attributes this association to differences in mental exercise at work. Methods: A case-control design was used to test the mental exercise hypothesis. Primary and secondary school teachers (aged between 25.29 and 79.01 years) and non-teacher controls were matched for level of occupation, educational level, age, and gender. Regression analyses were used to analyze the data. Possible confounders (such as precareer intelligence and depressive status) were taken into account. Results: Teachers had superior verbal fluency and working memory scanning abilities. Conclusion: The results are in line with the mental exercise hypothesis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-329
Number of pages15
JournalExperimental Aging Research
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • PARTICIPANTS AGED 24-81
  • NORMATIVE DATA
  • WORKING-MEMORY
  • VERBAL FLUENCY
  • OLD-AGE
  • EDUCATION
  • SEX
  • PERFORMANCE
  • VALIDITY
  • YOUNG

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