Nutrient malassimilation following total gastrectomy.

R. Bragelmann, U. Armbrecht, D. Rosemeyer, B. Schneider, W. Zilly, R.W. Stockbrügger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nutrient malassimilation following total gastrectomy.

Bragelmann R, Armbrecht U, Rosemeyer D, Schneider B, Zilly W, Stockbrugger RW.

Dept. of Gastroenterology, Academisch Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands.

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to elucidate the degree and the pathophysiology of abdominal symptoms, malnutrition and malassimilation after total gastrectomy. METHODS: In 174 consecutive patients, with potentially curative total gastrectomy for gastric malignancy, subjective symptoms and objective parameters of malassimilation were evaluated. RESULTS: Abdominal symptoms were present in 86% of the patients. In spite of a high daily calorie intake (median 37.8 kcal/kg body weight) mean body mass index had been decreasing since good health. Anaemia was found in 46%, sideropenia in 31% and oesophagitis in 26%. Mean faecal fat excretion was 17.4 (1.4) g/day and mean fat malassimilation 14.8% (1.1) of the intake. A shortened small-bowel transit was measured in 21.7% of the patients, and bacterial overgrowth was present in 37.7%. CONCLUSIONS: Malassimilation post total gastrectomy seems to be multifactorial. Shortened small-bowel transit and subsequent dyssynchrony of pancreatic enzyme supply seem to be of major importance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-33
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

Cite this

Bragelmann, R., Armbrecht, U., Rosemeyer, D., Schneider, B., Zilly, W., & Stockbrügger, R. W. (1996). Nutrient malassimilation following total gastrectomy. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, 31, 26-33. https://doi.org/10.3109/00365529609094727