Novel MYH11 and ACTA2 mutations reveal a role for enhanced TGF beta signaling in FTAAD

Marjolijn Renard*, Bert Callewaert, Machteld Baetens, Laurence Campens, Kay MacDermot, Jean-Pierre Fryns, Maryse Bonduelle, Harry C. Dietz, Isabel Mendes Gaspar, Diogo Cavaco, Eva-Lena Stattin, Constance Schrander-Stumpel, Paul Coucke, Bart Loeys, Anne De Paepe, Julie De Backer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: Thoracic aortic aneurysm/dissection (TAAD) is a common phenotype that may occur as an isolated manifestation or within the constellation of a defined syndrome. In contrast to syndromic TAAD, the elucidation of the genetic basis of isolated TAAD has only recently started. To date, defects have been found in genes encoding extracellular matrix proteins (fibrillin-1, FBN1; collagen type III alpha 1, COL3A1), proteins involved in transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) signaling (TGF beta receptor 1 and 2, TGFBR1/2; and SMAD3) or proteins that build up the contractile apparatus of aortic smooth muscle cells (myosin heavy chain 11, MYH11; smooth muscle actin alpha 2, ACTA2; and MYLK). Methods and result: In 110 non-syndromic TAAD patients that previously tested negative for FBN1 or TGFBR1/2 mutations, we identified 7 ACTA2 mutations in a cohort of 43 familial TAAD patients, including 2 premature truncating mutations. Sequencing of MYH11 revealed an in frame splice-site alteration in one out of two probands with TAA(D) associated with PDA but none in the series of 22 probands from the cohort of 110 patients with non-syndromic TAAD. Interestingly, immunohistochemical staining of aortic biopsies of a patient and a family member with MYH11 and patients with ACTA2 missense mutations showed upregulation of the TGF beta signaling pathway. Conclusions: MYH11 mutations are rare and typically identified in patients with TAAD associated with PDA. ACTA2 mutations were identified in 16% of a cohort presenting familial TAAD. Different molecular defects in TAAD may account for a different pathogenic mechanism of enhanced TGF beta signaling.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-321
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2013


  • Thoracic aortic aneurysm
  • Myosin heavy chain 11
  • Smooth muscle alpha-actin
  • TGF beta signaling


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