Background: Aortic aneurysms in the viscerorenal-segment are nowadays treatable by endovascular means. Previously, new endograft techniques were only tested in healthy animals. We aimed to establish a new large animal model for testing complex endovascular stent techniques preclinically.
Methods: In sheep, four juxtarenal and two type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms were surgically created via a retroperitoneal approach. Two pieces out of a 10 x 15-cm bovine pericardial patch were sewn with the healthy aorta longitudinally. The viscerorenal segment was clamped, and the aorta was incised longitudinally. Then, the patches were longitudinally sewn together. In the meantime, antegrade flow through the native part of the aorta was already established by tangential clamping. Computed tomography angiography was performed after 4, 8, and 52 wk.
Results: Technical success was 100%. The median surgical procedure time was 3 h, the median blood loss was 210 mL, and the viscerorenal-segment clamping time was 2-4 min. The animals started drinking 1 h after arousal from anesthesia. One animal died after 1 wk because of delayed bleeding and another died after 1 y because of aneurysm rupture by a secondary bacterial infection. Four animals survived. The proximal landing zone diameter and the clock position of the vessel were stable over 52 wk.
Conclusions: Surgical creation of an aortic aneurysm in the viscerorenal-segment in sheep was successful, without an ischemia/reperfusion injury. This animal model offers a new platform for evaluating innovative endovascular therapy options in vivo. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
- Aortic aneurysm
- Endovascular procedures