Near-infrared fluorescence image-guidance in anastomotic colorectal cancer surgery and its relation to serum markers of anastomotic leakage: a clinical pilot study

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Abstract

Objective Near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging using indocyanine green (ICG) might help reduce anastomotic leakage (AL) after colorectal surgery. This pilot study aims to analyze whether a relation exists between measured fluorescence intensity (FI) and postoperative inflammatory markers of AL, C-reactive protein (CRP), Intestinal fatty-acid binding protein (I-FABP), and calprotectin, to AL, in order to evaluate the potential of FI to objectively predict AL. Methods Patients scheduled for anastomotic colorectal cancer surgery were eligible for inclusion in this prospective pilot study. During surgery, at three time points (after bowel devascularization; before actual transection; after completion of anastomosis) a bolus of 0.2 mg/kg ICG was administered intravenously for assessment of bowel perfusion. FI was scored in scale from 1 to 5 based on the operating surgeon's judgment (1 = no fluorescence visible, 5 = maximum fluorescent signal). The complete surgical procedure was digitally recorded. These recordings were used to measure FI postoperatively using OsiriX imaging software. Serum CRP, I-FABP, and calprotectin values were determined before surgery and on day 1, 3, and 5 postoperative; furthermore, the occurrence of AL was recorded. Results Thirty patients (n = 19 males; mean age 67 years; mean BMI 27.2) undergoing either laparoscopic or robotic anastomotic colorectal surgery were included. Indication for surgery was rectal-(n = 10), rectosigmoid-(n = 2), sigmoid-(n = 10), or more proximal colon carcinomas (n = 8). Five patients (16.7%) developed AL (n = 2 (6.6%) grade C according to the definition of the International Study group of Rectal Cancer). In patients with AL, the maximum fluorescence score was given less often (P = 0.02) and a lower FI compared to background FI was measured at 1st assessment (P = 0.039). However, no relation between FI and postoperative inflammatory parameters could be found. Conclusion Both subjective and measured FI seem to be related to AL. In this study, no relation between FI and inflammatory serum markers could yet be found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3766-3774
Number of pages9
JournalSurgical endoscopy and other interventional techniques
Volume33
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Near-infrared fluorescence
  • NIRF
  • Colorectal cancer surgery
  • Anastomotic leakage
  • CRP
  • I-FABP
  • Calprotectin
  • C-REACTIVE PROTEIN
  • INDOCYANINE GREEN FLUORESCENCE
  • ASSESS BOWEL PERFUSION
  • LOW ANTERIOR RESECTION
  • ENHANCED FLUORESCENCE
  • INTESTINAL DAMAGE
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • ANGIOGRAPHY
  • INTEGRITY

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