In this article we introduce the use of a thiaproline-modified lysine side-chain [Lys(Thz)], as an unlockable handle that enables late-stage, site-selective modification of chemically synthesized proteins. The Lys(Thz) residue was incorporated into the murine chemokine RANTES to demonstrate its compatibility with Boc/Bzl solid phase peptide synthesis, native chemical ligation, and disulfide bond formation. After oxidative folding of the protein, the thiol was liberated under mild reaction conditions [0.2M hydroxylamine (NH2OH) or O-methylhydroxylamine (MeONH2), pH 4] and was subsequently reacted with thiol-selective tags. This side chain protection strategy enables the use of readily available thiol-reactive probes for the modification of internally disulfide bonded proteins.
|Publication status||Published - 2010|
- synthesized proteins
- peptide synthesis