Myoblast differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells on graphene oxide and electrospun graphene oxide-polymer composite fibrous meshes: importance of graphene oxide conductivity and dielectric constant on their biocompatibility

Biswadeep Chaudhuri*, Debabrata Bhadra, Lorenzo Moroni, Krishna Pramanik

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Recently graphene and graphene based composites are emerging as better materials to fabricate scaffolds. Addition of graphene oxide (GO) nanoplatelets (GOnPs) in bioactive polymers was found to enhance its conductivity (sigma) and, dielectric permittivity (epsilon) along with biocompatibility. In this paper, human cord blood derived mesenchymal stem cells (CB-hMSCs) were differentiated to skeletal muscle cells (hSkMCs) on spin coated thin GO sheets composed of GOnPs and on electrospun fibrous meshes of GO-PCL (poly-caprolactone) composite. Both substrates exhibited excellent myoblast differentiations and promoted self-alignedmyotubesformation similar to natural orientation. sigma, epsilon, microstructural and vibration spectroscopic studies were carried out for the characterizations of GO sheet and the composite scaffolds. Significantly enhanced values of both s and e of the GO-PCL composite were considered to provide favourable cues for the formation of superior multinucleated myotubes on the electrospun meshes compared to those on thin GO sheets. The present results demonstrated that both substrates might be used as potential candidates for CB-hMSCs differentiation and proliferation for human skeletal muscle tissue regeneration.
Original languageEnglish
Article number015009
JournalBiofabrication
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

Keywords

  • mesenchymal stem cells
  • myogenic differentiation
  • graphene oxide (GO)
  • GO-polymer composites
  • tissue engineering

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