Multilingual Legal Information Retrieval System for Mapping Recitals and Normative Provisions

Rohan Nanda*, Llio Humphreys, Lorenzo Grossio, Adebayo Kolawole John

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingAcademicpeer-review


This paper presents a multilingual legal information retrieval system for mapping recitals to articles in European Union (EU) directives and normative provisions in national legislation. Such a system could be useful for purposive interpretation of norms. A previous work on mapping recitals and normative provisions was limited to EU legislation in English and only one lexical text similarity technique. In this paper, we develop state-of-the-art text similarity models to investigate the interplay between directive recitals, directive (sub-)articles and provisions of national implementing measures (NIMs) on a multilingual corpus (from Ireland, Italy and Luxembourg). Our results indicate that directive recitals do not have a direct influence on NIM provisions, but they sometimes contain additional information that is not present in the transposed directive sub-article, and can therefore facilitate purposive interpretation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLegal Knowledge and Information Systems
EditorsS. Villata, J. Harašta, P. Křemen
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherIOS Press
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)978-16-4368-151-1
ISBN (Print)978-16-4368-150-4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

Publication series

SeriesFrontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications


  • European legislation
  • interpretation
  • legal information retrieval
  • recitals

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