Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized, Intraindividual Crossover Comparison of Gadobenate Dimeglumine and Gadopentetate Dimeglumine for MR Angiography of Peripheral Arteries

Suzanne C. Gerretsen, Thierry F. le Maire, Stephan Miller, Siegfried A. Thurnher, Christoph U. Herborn, Henrik J. Michaely, Harald Kramer, Angelo Vanzulli, Josef Vymazal, Martin N. Wasser, Claudio E. M. Ballarati, Miles A. Kirchin, Gianpaolo Pirovano, Tim Leiner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

37 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Purpose: To prospectively compare the image quality and diagnostic performance achieved with doses of gadobenate dimeglumine and gadopentetate dimeglumine of 0.1 mmol per kilogram of body weight in patients undergoing contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) angiography of the pelvis, thigh, and lower-leg (excluding foot) for suspected or known peripheral arterial occlusive disease. Materials and Methods: Institutional review board approval was granted from each center and informed written consent was obtained from all patients. Between November 2006 and January 2008, 96 patients (62 men, 34 women; mean age, 63.7 years +/- 10.4 [standard deviation]; range, 39-86 years) underwent two identical examinations at 1.5 T by using three-dimensional spoiled gradient-echo sequences and randomized 0.1-mmol/kg doses of each agent. Images were evaluated on-site for technical adequacy and quality of vessel visualization and offsite by three independent blinded readers for anatomic delineation and detection/exclusion of pathologic features. Comparative diagnostic performance was determined in 31 patients who underwent digital subtraction angiography. Data were analyzed by using the Wilcoxon signed-rank, McNemar, and Wald tests. Interreader agreement was determined by using generalized k statistics. Differences in quantitative contrast enhancement were assessed and a safety evaluation was performed. Results: Ninety-two patients received both agents. Significantly better performance (P <.0001; all evaluations) with gadobenate dimeglumine was noted on-site for technical adequacy and vessel visualization quality and offsite for anatomic delineation and detection/exclusion of pathologic features. Contrast enhancement (P <.0001) and detection of clinically relevant disease (P <.0028) were significantly improved with gadobenate dimeglumine. Interreader agreement for stenosis detection and grading was good to excellent (k = 0.749 and 0.805, respectively). Mild adverse events were reported for four (six events) and five (eight events) patients after gadobenate dimeglumine and gadopentetate dimeglumine, respectively. Conclusion: Higher- quality vessel visualization, greater contrast enhancement, fewer technical failures, and improved diagnostic performance are obtained with gadobenate dimeglumine, relative to gadopentetate dimeglumine, when compared intraindividually at 0.1-mmol/kg doses in patients undergoing contrast-enhanced MR angiography for suspected peripheral arterial occlusive disease.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)988-1000
JournalRadiology
Volume255
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

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