Motivation and experiences of self-testers regarding tests for cardiovascular risk factors

M.H.P. Ickenroth, J.E.J. Grispen, G. Ronda, M. Tacken, G.J. Dinant, N.K. de Vries, T. van der Weijden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background In recent years, self-tests have become increasingly available to the general public, though their value is still being debated. Because these tests are available, consumers should have access to clear information about self-testing. Examining experiences of self-testers could contribute to the development of consumer information. Objective Detailed exploration of consumers' experiences with self-testing for cardiovascular risk factors. Methods Semi-structured interviews with 20 consumers who had performed a self-test for glucose, cholesterol or albuminuria. The main topics of the interviews were reasons for self-testing, performing the self-test, follow-up behaviour and perceived need for information on self-testing. Data were analysed using thematic content analysis. Results Regarding the reason for self-testing, three types of users were distinguished: those who engaged in self-testing when a test was offered, either with or without previous knowledge about the disease or risk factor, and those who had actively decided to test and had searched for a self-test themselves. Self-testers had generally experienced no problems performing the test or interpreting the result and had considerable confidence in the result. They were easily reassured by a normal result, while an abnormal result did not automatically mean they consulted a doctor. Most participants did not feel the need for more information. Conclusions Self-testers often perform tests for reassurance, without considering the disadvantages, such as the absence of professional counselling and the risk of false-positive or false-negative results. Consumer information should promote more informed and deliberate choices for self-testing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-72
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Expectations
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Keywords

  • cardiovascular risk factors
  • interview study
  • self-management
  • self-test
  • self-testing
  • CARE
  • CONSEQUENCES
  • PEOPLE
  • IMPACT

Cite this

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title = "Motivation and experiences of self-testers regarding tests for cardiovascular risk factors",
abstract = "Background In recent years, self-tests have become increasingly available to the general public, though their value is still being debated. Because these tests are available, consumers should have access to clear information about self-testing. Examining experiences of self-testers could contribute to the development of consumer information. Objective Detailed exploration of consumers' experiences with self-testing for cardiovascular risk factors. Methods Semi-structured interviews with 20 consumers who had performed a self-test for glucose, cholesterol or albuminuria. The main topics of the interviews were reasons for self-testing, performing the self-test, follow-up behaviour and perceived need for information on self-testing. Data were analysed using thematic content analysis. Results Regarding the reason for self-testing, three types of users were distinguished: those who engaged in self-testing when a test was offered, either with or without previous knowledge about the disease or risk factor, and those who had actively decided to test and had searched for a self-test themselves. Self-testers had generally experienced no problems performing the test or interpreting the result and had considerable confidence in the result. They were easily reassured by a normal result, while an abnormal result did not automatically mean they consulted a doctor. Most participants did not feel the need for more information. Conclusions Self-testers often perform tests for reassurance, without considering the disadvantages, such as the absence of professional counselling and the risk of false-positive or false-negative results. Consumer information should promote more informed and deliberate choices for self-testing.",
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author = "M.H.P. Ickenroth and J.E.J. Grispen and G. Ronda and M. Tacken and G.J. Dinant and {de Vries}, N.K. and {van der Weijden}, T.",
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Motivation and experiences of self-testers regarding tests for cardiovascular risk factors. / Ickenroth, M.H.P.; Grispen, J.E.J.; Ronda, G.; Tacken, M.; Dinant, G.J.; de Vries, N.K.; van der Weijden, T.

In: Health Expectations, Vol. 17, No. 1, 03.2014, p. 60-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Motivation and experiences of self-testers regarding tests for cardiovascular risk factors

AU - Ickenroth, M.H.P.

AU - Grispen, J.E.J.

AU - Ronda, G.

AU - Tacken, M.

AU - Dinant, G.J.

AU - de Vries, N.K.

AU - van der Weijden, T.

PY - 2014/3

Y1 - 2014/3

N2 - Background In recent years, self-tests have become increasingly available to the general public, though their value is still being debated. Because these tests are available, consumers should have access to clear information about self-testing. Examining experiences of self-testers could contribute to the development of consumer information. Objective Detailed exploration of consumers' experiences with self-testing for cardiovascular risk factors. Methods Semi-structured interviews with 20 consumers who had performed a self-test for glucose, cholesterol or albuminuria. The main topics of the interviews were reasons for self-testing, performing the self-test, follow-up behaviour and perceived need for information on self-testing. Data were analysed using thematic content analysis. Results Regarding the reason for self-testing, three types of users were distinguished: those who engaged in self-testing when a test was offered, either with or without previous knowledge about the disease or risk factor, and those who had actively decided to test and had searched for a self-test themselves. Self-testers had generally experienced no problems performing the test or interpreting the result and had considerable confidence in the result. They were easily reassured by a normal result, while an abnormal result did not automatically mean they consulted a doctor. Most participants did not feel the need for more information. Conclusions Self-testers often perform tests for reassurance, without considering the disadvantages, such as the absence of professional counselling and the risk of false-positive or false-negative results. Consumer information should promote more informed and deliberate choices for self-testing.

AB - Background In recent years, self-tests have become increasingly available to the general public, though their value is still being debated. Because these tests are available, consumers should have access to clear information about self-testing. Examining experiences of self-testers could contribute to the development of consumer information. Objective Detailed exploration of consumers' experiences with self-testing for cardiovascular risk factors. Methods Semi-structured interviews with 20 consumers who had performed a self-test for glucose, cholesterol or albuminuria. The main topics of the interviews were reasons for self-testing, performing the self-test, follow-up behaviour and perceived need for information on self-testing. Data were analysed using thematic content analysis. Results Regarding the reason for self-testing, three types of users were distinguished: those who engaged in self-testing when a test was offered, either with or without previous knowledge about the disease or risk factor, and those who had actively decided to test and had searched for a self-test themselves. Self-testers had generally experienced no problems performing the test or interpreting the result and had considerable confidence in the result. They were easily reassured by a normal result, while an abnormal result did not automatically mean they consulted a doctor. Most participants did not feel the need for more information. Conclusions Self-testers often perform tests for reassurance, without considering the disadvantages, such as the absence of professional counselling and the risk of false-positive or false-negative results. Consumer information should promote more informed and deliberate choices for self-testing.

KW - cardiovascular risk factors

KW - interview study

KW - self-management

KW - self-test

KW - self-testing

KW - CARE

KW - CONSEQUENCES

KW - PEOPLE

KW - IMPACT

U2 - 10.1111/j.1369-7625.2011.00733.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1369-7625.2011.00733.x

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 60

EP - 72

JO - Health Expectations

JF - Health Expectations

SN - 1369-6513

IS - 1

ER -