Mixity in the EU’s post-Lisbon free trade agreements

Merijn Chamon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

3 Downloads (Pure)


While the EU’s trade competence has been an exclusive EU competence since Opinion 1/75, free trade agreements (FTAs) have not necessarily been concluded as EU-only agreements and this is because of the mismatch between international developments in trade law and the way in which the common commercial policy (CCP) has been defined in the EU Treaties. The Lisbon Treaty and Opinion 2/15 have proven to be a watershed moment, allowing future FTAs to be concluded as EU-only agreements. However, mixity is still not banished entirely from the EU’s CCP. This chapter explores whether and which legal limits exist that may restrict recourse to facultative and even obligatory mixity, thus favouring EU-only action. So far, the Court has not expressed itself on these issues and the choice between mixity and EU-only action remains in the political hands of the Council, as the aftermath of Opinion 2/15 has revealed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Conclusion and Implementation of EU Free Trade Agreements - Constitutional Challenges
EditorsIsabelle Bosse-Platière, Cécile Rapoport
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781788974806
ISBN (Print)9781788974790
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Cite this