Activities per year
Recent years have seen intensified interest in the labour and environment provisions in the EU’s FTAs. The question has arisen whether the incorporation of ’trade and sustainable development’ (TSD) chapters in the EU’s FTAs deliver on their promise of using the EU’s trade power to effectively promote the protection of the environment and improved working conditions in third countries. In particular, the compliance gap between the TSD provisions and their implementation has come to the forefront of the debate. Concerns have been raised that the EU’s ‘promotional approach’ based on dialogue and cooperation is less effective that the ‘sanctions-based’ approach followed by the US and Canada. This article examines the mechanisms for compliance in the TSD chapters in recent EU FTAs against the background of two recent Commission documents and assesses the proposals for improvement. It argues that, to be effective, and thereby gain the trust of civil society, the EU’s ‘promotional’ approach must be supported by effective mechanisms for transparency, institutionalised dialogue and accountability.
- EU, free trade agreements, trade and sustainable development, environmental protection, labour standards, enforceability, compliance mechanisms, promotional approach, managerial approach, sanctions
7 Dec 2018
Activity: Talk or presentation (speaker at event) › Talk or presentation › Academic