Maternal depressiveness and infant growth outcomes: Findings from the MAASTHI cohort study in India

Prafulla Shriyan, Sonalini Khetrapal, Onno C. P. van Schayck, Giridhara R. Babu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The study aims to examine the association between depressiveness in mothers on infant obesity and stunting at one year of age.Methods: We enrolled 4829 pregnant women, followed them up at public health facilities in Bengaluru for one year after birth. We collected information on women's sociodemographic characteristics, obstetric history, depressive symptoms during pregnancy and delivery within 48 h. We took infant anthropometric measurements at birth and one year. We used chi-square tests, and calculated an unadjusted odds ratio using univariate logistic regression. We used multivariate logistic regression to examine the association between maternal depressiveness, childhood adiposity, and stunting.Results: We found that the prevalence of depressiveness was 31.8% in mothers who delivered in public health facilities in Bengaluru. Infants born to mothers with depressiveness at birth had 3.9 times higher odds of having larger waist circumference than infants born to mothers with no depressiveness (AOR: 3.96, 95% Confidence Interval: 1.24,12.58) and 1.9 times higher odds of having a larger sum of skinfold thickness (AOR: 1.99, 95% CI: 1.18,3.38). Additionally, we found that infants born to mothers with depressiveness at birth had 1.7 times higher odds of stunting than infants born to mothers with no depressiveness (AOR: 1.72; 95%CI: 1.22,2.43) after adjusting for confounders.Conclusion: Our study highlights a high prevalence of depressiveness among mothers seeking antenatal care at a public hospital is associated with an increased risk of infant adiposity and stunting at one year. Further research is needed to understand the underlying mechanisms and identify effective interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number111378
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Volume170
Issue number1
Early online date1 May 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • Depressiveness
  • Puerperium
  • Obesity
  • Skinfold thickness
  • LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
  • FAILURE-TO-THRIVE
  • POSTNATAL DEPRESSION
  • POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • MENTAL-HEALTH
  • NUTRITIONAL-STATUS
  • FEEDING STYLES
  • POST-PARTUM
  • SYMPTOMS
  • IMPACT

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