The institutional design of EU energy and telecoms regulation has evolved in the last two decades. Mechanisms to encourage cooperation between national regulators have progressively been established: first, loose networks of regulators, then enhanced networks of regulators and eventually stronger and more formal forms of coordination, through European agencies or other new institutional models. In the energy field, a true ‘networked’ European agency has been created: the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER). In telecoms, a two-tier institutional structure has been set up: the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) and the Office. The features of ACER and BEREC show the intention to institutionalise the existing networks of regulators and confer a higher status upon them, with a strengthened and recognised position in the EU. However, this process raises concerns of legitimacy and accountability.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Award date||15 Nov 2012|
|Place of Publication||Maastricht|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2012|
- EU market integration
- European agencies
- networks of regulators