Macular edema in Asian Indian premature infants with retinopathy of prematurity: Impact on visual acuity and refractive status after 1-year

Anand Vinekar*, Shwetha Mangalesh, Chaitra Jayadev, Noël Bauer, Sivakumar Munusamy, Vasudha Kemmanu, Mathew Kurian, Padmamalini Mahendradas, Kavitha Avadhani, Bhujang Shetty

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Purpose: To report the impact of transient, self-resolving, untreated "macular edema" detected on spectral domain optical coherence tomography in Asian Indian premature infants with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) on visual acuity (VA) and refraction at 1-year of corrected age. Materials and Methods: Visual acuity and refraction of 11 infants with bilateral macular edema (Group A) was compared with gestational age-matched 16 infants with ROP without edema (Group B) and 17 preterms infants without ROP and without edema (Group C) at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of corrected age using Teller Acuity Cards and cycloplegic retinoscopy. Sub-group analysis of the previously described pattern A and B macular edema was performed. Results: Visual acuity was lower in infants with macular edema compared with the other two control groups throughout the study period, but statistically significant only at 3 months. Visual improvement in these infants was highest between the 3rd and 6th month and plateaued by the end of the 1st year with acuity comparable to the other two groups. The edema cohort was more hyperopic compared to the other two groups between 3 and 12 months of age. Pattern A edema had worse VA compared to pattern B, although not statistically significant. Conclusion: Macular edema, although transient, caused reduced VA as early as 3 months of corrected age in Asian Indian premature infants weighing
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)432-437
JournalIndian Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2015


  • Emmetropization
  • hand-held
  • macular edema
  • retinopathy of prematurity
  • spectral-domain optical coherence tomography
  • visual acuity

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