Low positivity rate after systematic screening for Trichomonas vaginalis in three patient cohorts from general practitioners, STI clinic and a national population-based chlamydia screening study

T.H. Geelen, C.J.P.A. Hoebe, A. Dirks, N.H.T.M. Dukers-Muijrers, J.E.A.M. van Bergen, P.F.G. Wolffs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Abstract Objective The goal of this multi-cohort study is to investigate the positivity rate of Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) among three distinct Dutch patient populations and its relation with Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) positivity. Few studies have been performed in Europe where TV positivity rate seems to be low. Additionally, the majority of earlier studies have focused on high risk or specific populations. Methods A random selection of men and women from a national population-based chlamydia screening, attendees of a sexually transmitted infections (STI) clinic and a non-selected population from general practitioners (GPs) were systematically screened for TV and CT using PCR. The associations among TV and CT co-infection, age and gender were studied. Results A total of 2079 individuals were studied. A TV positivity rate of 1.5% was observed in the medium risk GP cohort followed by 0.7% in the low risk population-based cohort and 0.6% in the high risk STI clinic. TV was found in 0.7% of CT positives and a similar 1.1% among CT negatives. All TV positive individuals in this study were women. Conclusions The positivity rate of TV was low (<2%) and comparable in all three populations studied. We found no association between TV and CT infection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-534
Number of pages3
JournalSexually Transmitted Infections
Volume89
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

Keywords

  • Trichomonas
  • Chlamydia Trachomatis
  • Pcr
  • Epidemiology (CLINICAL)
  • SEXUALLY-TRANSMITTED INFECTION
  • TRANSCRIPTION-MEDIATED AMPLIFICATION
  • HIGH PREVALENCE
  • UNITED-STATES
  • TRACHOMATIS
  • GONORRHOEAE

Cite this

@article{35d25904dab24c7fbca6d7d627710693,
title = "Low positivity rate after systematic screening for Trichomonas vaginalis in three patient cohorts from general practitioners, STI clinic and a national population-based chlamydia screening study",
abstract = "Abstract Objective The goal of this multi-cohort study is to investigate the positivity rate of Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) among three distinct Dutch patient populations and its relation with Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) positivity. Few studies have been performed in Europe where TV positivity rate seems to be low. Additionally, the majority of earlier studies have focused on high risk or specific populations. Methods A random selection of men and women from a national population-based chlamydia screening, attendees of a sexually transmitted infections (STI) clinic and a non-selected population from general practitioners (GPs) were systematically screened for TV and CT using PCR. The associations among TV and CT co-infection, age and gender were studied. Results A total of 2079 individuals were studied. A TV positivity rate of 1.5{\%} was observed in the medium risk GP cohort followed by 0.7{\%} in the low risk population-based cohort and 0.6{\%} in the high risk STI clinic. TV was found in 0.7{\%} of CT positives and a similar 1.1{\%} among CT negatives. All TV positive individuals in this study were women. Conclusions The positivity rate of TV was low (<2{\%}) and comparable in all three populations studied. We found no association between TV and CT infection.",
keywords = "Trichomonas, Chlamydia Trachomatis, Pcr, Epidemiology (CLINICAL), SEXUALLY-TRANSMITTED INFECTION, TRANSCRIPTION-MEDIATED AMPLIFICATION, HIGH PREVALENCE, UNITED-STATES, TRACHOMATIS, GONORRHOEAE",
author = "T.H. Geelen and C.J.P.A. Hoebe and A. Dirks and N.H.T.M. Dukers-Muijrers and {van Bergen}, J.E.A.M. and P.F.G. Wolffs",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1136/sextrans-2012-051010",
language = "English",
volume = "89",
pages = "532--534",
journal = "Sexually Transmitted Infections",
issn = "1368-4973",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Low positivity rate after systematic screening for Trichomonas vaginalis in three patient cohorts from general practitioners, STI clinic and a national population-based chlamydia screening study

AU - Geelen, T.H.

AU - Hoebe, C.J.P.A.

AU - Dirks, A.

AU - Dukers-Muijrers, N.H.T.M.

AU - van Bergen, J.E.A.M.

AU - Wolffs, P.F.G.

PY - 2013/9

Y1 - 2013/9

N2 - Abstract Objective The goal of this multi-cohort study is to investigate the positivity rate of Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) among three distinct Dutch patient populations and its relation with Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) positivity. Few studies have been performed in Europe where TV positivity rate seems to be low. Additionally, the majority of earlier studies have focused on high risk or specific populations. Methods A random selection of men and women from a national population-based chlamydia screening, attendees of a sexually transmitted infections (STI) clinic and a non-selected population from general practitioners (GPs) were systematically screened for TV and CT using PCR. The associations among TV and CT co-infection, age and gender were studied. Results A total of 2079 individuals were studied. A TV positivity rate of 1.5% was observed in the medium risk GP cohort followed by 0.7% in the low risk population-based cohort and 0.6% in the high risk STI clinic. TV was found in 0.7% of CT positives and a similar 1.1% among CT negatives. All TV positive individuals in this study were women. Conclusions The positivity rate of TV was low (<2%) and comparable in all three populations studied. We found no association between TV and CT infection.

AB - Abstract Objective The goal of this multi-cohort study is to investigate the positivity rate of Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) among three distinct Dutch patient populations and its relation with Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) positivity. Few studies have been performed in Europe where TV positivity rate seems to be low. Additionally, the majority of earlier studies have focused on high risk or specific populations. Methods A random selection of men and women from a national population-based chlamydia screening, attendees of a sexually transmitted infections (STI) clinic and a non-selected population from general practitioners (GPs) were systematically screened for TV and CT using PCR. The associations among TV and CT co-infection, age and gender were studied. Results A total of 2079 individuals were studied. A TV positivity rate of 1.5% was observed in the medium risk GP cohort followed by 0.7% in the low risk population-based cohort and 0.6% in the high risk STI clinic. TV was found in 0.7% of CT positives and a similar 1.1% among CT negatives. All TV positive individuals in this study were women. Conclusions The positivity rate of TV was low (<2%) and comparable in all three populations studied. We found no association between TV and CT infection.

KW - Trichomonas

KW - Chlamydia Trachomatis

KW - Pcr

KW - Epidemiology (CLINICAL)

KW - SEXUALLY-TRANSMITTED INFECTION

KW - TRANSCRIPTION-MEDIATED AMPLIFICATION

KW - HIGH PREVALENCE

KW - UNITED-STATES

KW - TRACHOMATIS

KW - GONORRHOEAE

U2 - 10.1136/sextrans-2012-051010

DO - 10.1136/sextrans-2012-051010

M3 - Article

VL - 89

SP - 532

EP - 534

JO - Sexually Transmitted Infections

JF - Sexually Transmitted Infections

SN - 1368-4973

IS - 6

ER -