PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term change in endothelial cell density (ECD) after the implantation of 2 types of rigid iris-fixated phakic intraocular lenses (pIOLs) for the treatment of myopia and astigmatism.
DESIGN: Prospective, clinical cohort study.
PARTICIPANTS: A total of 507 eyes of 289 patients receiving the Artisan Myopia or Artisan Toric (Ophtec B.V., Groningen, The Netherlands) iris-fixated pIOL for the treatment of myopia or astigmatism at the University Eye Clinic Maastricht as of January 1998.
METHODS: A total of 381 myopic and 126 toric pIOLs were implanted. Five- and 10-year follow-ups were completed by 193 and 127 eyes implanted with the myopic pIOL and by 40 and 20 eyes implanted with the toric pIOL, respectively.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Chronic endothelial cell (EC) loss, percentage of eyes with a decrease of ≥25% in ECD, and percentage of eyes with an ECD <1500 cells/mm(2).
RESULTS: Chronic EC loss was calculated from 6 months postoperatively to the end of follow-up and showed an annual ECD decline of 48 cells/mm(2) (standard error, 3.14) and 61 cells/mm(2) (standard error, 6.30) in the myopic (P < 0.001) and toric (P < 0.001) groups, respectively, resulting in a total EC loss of 16.6% and 21.5% from 6 months to 10 years postoperatively, respectively. Ten years after implantation, ECD had decreased by ≥25% in 7.9% and 6.3%, whereas ECD was <1500 cells/mm(2) in 3.9% and 4.0% in the myopic and toric groups, respectively. Explantation of the pIOL occurred in 6.0% in the myopic group and 4.8% in the toric group. Risk factors for increased EC loss were a shallow anterior chamber depth (ACD) (P ≤ 0.005) and a smaller distance between the central and peripheral pIOL edge to the endothelium (P ≤ 0.005).
CONCLUSIONS: A significant linear chronic EC loss was reported after implantation with myopic or toric iris-fixated pIOLs. A smaller ACD and smaller distance between pIOL edge and endothelium were risk factors for EC loss. Modification of preoperative age-related ECD thresholds is indicated to maintain an ECD that warrants safe future combined pIOL explantation and cataract surgery.
- Journal Article
- SPECULAR MICROSCOPE SP-2000P
- OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY
- CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM
- ANTERIOR SEGMENT
- IMAGENET SYSTEM