BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a noninvasive treatment for patients with superficial basal-cell carcinoma (sBCC). The efficacy of PDT may vary with different photosensitizers and treatment schedules.
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate whether fractionated 5-aminolevulinic acid 20% (ALA)-PDT is superior to conventional two-stage methyl aminolevulinate (MAL)-PDT for sBCC.
METHODS: We present the 5 years results of a single-blind, randomized, multicenter trial. 162 patients with a histologically confirmed primary sBCC were randomized to fractionated ALA-PDT or MAL-PDT.
RESULTS: The 5-year tumor-free survival rate was 70.7% (95% CI 58.2-80.1%) for ALA-PDT and 76.5% (95% CI 64.4-85.0%) for MAL-PDT. In the first 3 years, there was no significant difference in risk of treatment failure (HR = 1.53, p = 0.283), but in the long-term, the risk of recurrence was significantly lower following MAL-PDT compared to ALA-PDT (HR = 0.125, p = 0.049). As judged by patients, the esthetic result was good-excellent in 96.8% (61/63) and 94.4% (56/59) of patients treated with ALA-PDT and MAL-PDT, respectively (p = 0.631).
CONCLUSION: The long-term efficacy is significantly higher for conventional two-stage MAL-PDT than for fractionated ALA-PDT, whereas there was no significant difference in esthetic outcome between the treatments at 5 years after treatment. These results indicate that fractionated ALA-PDT offers no benefit over conventional two-stage MAL-PDT.
|Number of pages||6|
|Early online date||20 May 2022|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2022|
- Cosmetic result
- HAIRLESS MOUSE SKIN
- LIGHT FRACTIONATION
- Light fractionation
- Long-term analysis
- Photodynamic therapy
- Superficial basal-cell carcinoma
- Tumor-free survival