Lifestyle factors and risk of head-neck cancer subtypes: a prospective cohort study

Denise Helena Elisabeth Maasland

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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The results of this Dutch cohort study confirm that lifestyle plays an important role in the development of head-neck cancer (oral cancer, throat cancer and laryngeal cancer). Alcohol consumption and smoking are the primary risk factors for developing these types of cancers. A low intake of fruits, vegetables, vitamin C (from foods) and low selenium values (as measured in toenails) are also associated with an increased risk of head-neck cancer. The use of vitamin C supplements and the consumption of foods rich in vitamin E and carotenoids do not appear to minimise these risks. The role played by body weight remains unclear.

Our results confirm that a healthy lifestyle can be a promising strategy in preventing head-neck cancer.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
  • van den Brandt, Piet, Supervisor
  • Kremer, Bernd, Supervisor
  • Schouten, Leo, Co-Supervisor
Award date5 Oct 2016
Place of PublicationMaastricht
Print ISBNs9789402802825
Electronic ISBNs9789402802825
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • head-neck cancer
  • lifestyle
  • prevention

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