The often-advocated view that the information technology revolution will change the world must stem from the basic premise that investment in IT has a visible impact on productivity and economic growth. But how can we measure this impact and how large is it? By surveying previous studies and by presenting new micro- and macroeconomic evidence, this collection of chapters shows that in recent years the use of IT in the production of goods and services has had a strong influence on productivity and economic growth in industrial and in newly industrialized countries. Yet developing countries seem neither to have invested in IT nor benefited from such investments to the same extent as industrial countries. There is concern that information is becoming a commodity, like income and wealth, by which countries are classified as rich and poor. The chapters in this volume argue that investment in infrastructure, physical capital, and education are key to economic development and that the IT content of these investments should be high. Besides providing citizens with access to IT and to IT education and training, governments should promote participation in the information society, thus generating a sufficiently strong demand base for information products. By developing advanced applications of IT, and by becoming a model for the private sector, governments can alter worker, firm, and consumer attitudes, and lower their costs of adopting IT. The use of IT, not necessarily its production, is what matters for economic development.
|Title of host publication||Information Technology, Productivity, and Economic Growth : International Evidence and Implications for Economic Development|
|Place of Publication||Oxford|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2001|