Inter-firm technology transfer: partnership-embedded licensing or standard licensing agreements?

J. Hagedoorn*, S. Lorenz-Orlean, H.L. van Kranenburg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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When companies decide to engage in technology transfer through exclusive licensing to other firms, they have two basic options: to use standard licensing contracts or to set-up more elaborate partnership-embedded licensing agreements. We find that broader partnership-embedded licensing agreements are preferred with higher levels of technological sophistication of industries, with greater perceived effectiveness of secrecy as a means of appropriability, and when licensors are smaller than their licensees. Innovative differential between companies, innovative supremacy of the licensor and market and technological overlap between partners appear to have no effect on the preference for a particular form of licensing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-550
JournalIndustrial and Corporate Change
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009


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