Individual and partner's level of occupation and the association with HbA(1c) levels in people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus: the Dutch Diabetes Pearl cohort

A. Rutte*, S. P. Rauh, M. T. Schram, G. Nijpels, J. H. DeVries, F. Holleman, H. Pijl, O. M. Dekkers, B. Ozcan, E. J. G. Sijbrands, C. J. Tack, E. J. Abbink, H. W. de Valk, B. Silvius, B. H. R. Wolffenbuttel, C. D. A. Stehouwer, N. C. Schaper, J. M. Dekker, J. W. Beulens, P. J. M. EldersF. Rutters, Diabet Pearl Parelsnoer Initiative

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

AimsIndividual indicators of socio-economic status have been associated with glycaemic control in people with Type 2 diabetes, but little is known about the association between partner's socio-economic status and HbA(1c) levels. We therefore examined the cross-sectional association between individual and partner's level of occupation on HbA(1c) levels in people with Type 2 diabetes in the Netherlands.

MethodsWe included people with Type 2 diabetes with a partner who were treated in primary, secondary and tertiary care in the Diabetes Pearl cohort. Occupational level was classified according to International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO)-08 skill levels. Linear regression analyses were performed stratified for sex, and corrected for age, recruitment centre and diabetes medication.

ResultsIn total, 3257 participants (59.8% men, mean 62.29.4 years) were included. For men, having a partner with an intermediate level of occupation was associated with lower HbA(1c) levels [e.g. ISCO level 3: -2 mmol/mol (95% CI -4;-1) or-0.2% (95% CI -0.4;-0.1)], compared with having a partner of the highest occupational level (ISCO level 4). In women, having an unemployed partner was associated with higher HbA(1c) levels [14 mmol/mol (95% CI 6; 22) or 1.3% (95% CI 0.6; 2.0)], compared with having a partner of the highest occupational level.

ConclusionsPartner's occupational status provided additional information on the association between socio-economic status and HbA(1c) levels in people with Type 2 diabetes. Women seemed to benefit from a partner with a higher occupational status, while men seemed to benefit from a partner with a lower status. Because of the cross-sectional nature of the present study, more research is necessary to explore this association.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1623-1628
Number of pages6
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Volume34
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

Keywords

  • SOCIOECONOMIC POSITION
  • GLYCEMIC CONTROL
  • HEALTH RESEARCH
  • PRIMARY-CARE
  • CHINA

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