Increasing optimism abolishes pain-induced impairments in executive task performance

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Coping with the demands of pain diminishes self-regulatory capacity and causes self-regulatory fatigue, which then leads to deteriorated executive task performance. It has been suggested that optimism can counteract the depletion of self-regulatory capacity. This study employed a 2 (optimism/no optimism) x 2 (pain/no pain) between-subjects design to explore whether (1) experimentally induced pain (cold pressor task) deteriorates subsequent executive task performance, and (2) whether an optimism induction can counteract this sustained deteriorating effect of pain on executive task performance. Results indicated that although pain led to significantly worse performance on the executive functioning task in the no optimism condition, this sustained deteriorating effect of pain on task performance was abolished in the optimism condition. This finding is imperative because it suggests that optimism may be an important factor to implement in current psychological treatment approaches to diminish the negative impact of chronic pain on the ability to function in daily life. (C) 2013 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-340
Number of pages7
JournalPain
Volume155
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Executive functioning
  • Intervention
  • Optimism
  • Pain
  • Self-regulation
  • WORKING-MEMORY CAPACITY
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • SELF-REGULATION
  • DISPOSITIONAL OPTIMISM
  • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
  • GOAL ADJUSTMENT
  • NEGATIVE AFFECT
  • CATASTROPHIZING SCALE
  • HEALTH-BENEFITS
  • PERSONAL GOALS

Cite this

@article{e743ef70e26b47cd823d917f1484b4b2,
title = "Increasing optimism abolishes pain-induced impairments in executive task performance",
abstract = "Coping with the demands of pain diminishes self-regulatory capacity and causes self-regulatory fatigue, which then leads to deteriorated executive task performance. It has been suggested that optimism can counteract the depletion of self-regulatory capacity. This study employed a 2 (optimism/no optimism) x 2 (pain/no pain) between-subjects design to explore whether (1) experimentally induced pain (cold pressor task) deteriorates subsequent executive task performance, and (2) whether an optimism induction can counteract this sustained deteriorating effect of pain on executive task performance. Results indicated that although pain led to significantly worse performance on the executive functioning task in the no optimism condition, this sustained deteriorating effect of pain on task performance was abolished in the optimism condition. This finding is imperative because it suggests that optimism may be an important factor to implement in current psychological treatment approaches to diminish the negative impact of chronic pain on the ability to function in daily life. (C) 2013 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Executive functioning, Intervention, Optimism, Pain, Self-regulation, WORKING-MEMORY CAPACITY, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, SELF-REGULATION, DISPOSITIONAL OPTIMISM, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, GOAL ADJUSTMENT, NEGATIVE AFFECT, CATASTROPHIZING SCALE, HEALTH-BENEFITS, PERSONAL GOALS",
author = "J.L.M. Boselie and L.M.G. Vancleef and T. Smeets and M.L. Peters",
year = "2014",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.pain.2013.10.014",
language = "English",
volume = "155",
pages = "334--340",
journal = "Pain",
issn = "0304-3959",
publisher = "LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS",
number = "2",

}

Increasing optimism abolishes pain-induced impairments in executive task performance. / Boselie, J.L.M.; Vancleef, L.M.G.; Smeets, T.; Peters, M.L.

In: Pain, Vol. 155, No. 2, 02.2014, p. 334-340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increasing optimism abolishes pain-induced impairments in executive task performance

AU - Boselie, J.L.M.

AU - Vancleef, L.M.G.

AU - Smeets, T.

AU - Peters, M.L.

PY - 2014/2

Y1 - 2014/2

N2 - Coping with the demands of pain diminishes self-regulatory capacity and causes self-regulatory fatigue, which then leads to deteriorated executive task performance. It has been suggested that optimism can counteract the depletion of self-regulatory capacity. This study employed a 2 (optimism/no optimism) x 2 (pain/no pain) between-subjects design to explore whether (1) experimentally induced pain (cold pressor task) deteriorates subsequent executive task performance, and (2) whether an optimism induction can counteract this sustained deteriorating effect of pain on executive task performance. Results indicated that although pain led to significantly worse performance on the executive functioning task in the no optimism condition, this sustained deteriorating effect of pain on task performance was abolished in the optimism condition. This finding is imperative because it suggests that optimism may be an important factor to implement in current psychological treatment approaches to diminish the negative impact of chronic pain on the ability to function in daily life. (C) 2013 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Coping with the demands of pain diminishes self-regulatory capacity and causes self-regulatory fatigue, which then leads to deteriorated executive task performance. It has been suggested that optimism can counteract the depletion of self-regulatory capacity. This study employed a 2 (optimism/no optimism) x 2 (pain/no pain) between-subjects design to explore whether (1) experimentally induced pain (cold pressor task) deteriorates subsequent executive task performance, and (2) whether an optimism induction can counteract this sustained deteriorating effect of pain on executive task performance. Results indicated that although pain led to significantly worse performance on the executive functioning task in the no optimism condition, this sustained deteriorating effect of pain on task performance was abolished in the optimism condition. This finding is imperative because it suggests that optimism may be an important factor to implement in current psychological treatment approaches to diminish the negative impact of chronic pain on the ability to function in daily life. (C) 2013 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - Executive functioning

KW - Intervention

KW - Optimism

KW - Pain

KW - Self-regulation

KW - WORKING-MEMORY CAPACITY

KW - QUALITY-OF-LIFE

KW - SELF-REGULATION

KW - DISPOSITIONAL OPTIMISM

KW - INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES

KW - GOAL ADJUSTMENT

KW - NEGATIVE AFFECT

KW - CATASTROPHIZING SCALE

KW - HEALTH-BENEFITS

KW - PERSONAL GOALS

U2 - 10.1016/j.pain.2013.10.014

DO - 10.1016/j.pain.2013.10.014

M3 - Article

VL - 155

SP - 334

EP - 340

JO - Pain

JF - Pain

SN - 0304-3959

IS - 2

ER -