Improving procedural sedation and/or analgesia in children : from practice over evidence to practice

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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Sick children regularly resist medical procedures that are painful and/or stressful, or that require that the child lies still. Therefore Procedural Sedation and/or Analgesia (PSA), known as ‘light sedation’, is often necessary. Recently in the Netherlands serious (sometimes fatal) incidents were reported during PSA in children. This research confirms that PSA in the Netherlands is badly organized: the safety is inadequate and too little use is made of effective techniques. As a result, medical procedures unnecessarily often fail or are uncomfortable. On the basis of literature studies and ethical/legal considerations, the researchers formulated solutions in form of an evidence-based directive. This directive will be implemented from 2012, which will improve the quality of medical care for children.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
  • Zimmermann, Luc, Supervisor
  • Knape, J.T.A., Supervisor, External person
Award date2 Mar 2012
Place of PublicationMaastricht
Print ISBNs9789461591203
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012


  • light sedation
  • children
  • safety
  • pain and fear free
  • new directive

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