Implementation and Effects of Risk-Dependent Obstetric Care in the Netherlands (Expect Study II): Protocol for an Impact Study

Pim van Montfort*, Jessica P. P. M. Willemse, Carmen D. Dirksen, Ivo M. A. van Dooren, Linda J. E. Meertens, Marc E. A. Spaanderman, Maartje Zelis, Iris M. Zwaan, Hubertina C. J. Scheepers, Luc J. M. Smits

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BACKGROUND: Recently, validated risk models predicting adverse obstetric outcomes combined with risk-dependent care paths have been made available for early antenatal care in the southeastern part of the Netherlands. This study will evaluate implementation progress and impact of the new approach in obstetric care.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the design of a study evaluating the impact of implementing risk-dependent care. Validated first-trimester prediction models are embedded in daily clinical practice and combined with risk-dependent obstetric care paths.

METHODS: A multicenter prospective cohort study consisting of women who receive risk-dependent care is being performed from April 2017 to April 2018 (Expect Study II). Obstetric risk profiles will be calculated using a Web-based tool, the Expect prediction tool. The primary outcomes are the adherence of health care professionals and compliance of women. Secondary outcomes are patient satisfaction and cost-effectiveness. Outcome measures will be established using Web-based questionnaires. The secondary outcomes of the risk-dependent care cohort (Expect II) will be compared with the outcomes of a similar prospective cohort (Expect I). Women of this similar cohort received former care-as-usual and were prospectively included between July 1, 2013 and December 31, 2015 (Expect I).

RESULTS: Currently, women are being recruited for the Expect Study II, and a total of 300 women are enrolled.

CONCLUSIONS: This study will provide information about the implementation and impact of a new approach in obstetric care using prediction models and risk-dependent obstetric care paths.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Netherlands Trial Register NTR4143; (Archived by WebCite at

Original languageEnglish
Article number10066
Number of pages9
JournalJMIR Research Protocols
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2018


  • cohort study
  • pregnancy
  • decision support techniques
  • prediction model
  • implementation
  • prevention
  • pre-eclampsia
  • gestational diabetes mellitus

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