Impact of Chronological Age and Biological Sex on Cerebrovascular Reactivity in Moderate/Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A CAnadian High-Resolution Traumatic Brain Injury (CAHR-TBI) Study

Carleen Batson, Logan Froese, Mypinder Singh Sekhon, Donald E Griesdale, Alwyn Gomez, Eric Peter Thelin, Rahul Raj, Marcel Aries, Clare N Gallagher, Francis Bernard, Andreas H Kramer, Frederick Adam Zeiler*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Impaired cerebrovascular reactivity has emerged as an important associate with poor long-term outcome after moderate/severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, our understanding of what drives or modulates the degree of impaired cerebrovascular function remains poor. Age and biological sex remain important modifiers of cerebrovascular function in health and disease, yet their impact on cerebrovascular reactivity after TBI remains unclear. The aim of this study was to explore subgroup responses based on age and biological sex on cerebral physiology. Data from 283 TBI patients from the CAnadian High Resolution TBI (CAHR-TBI) Research Collaborative were evaluated. Cerebrovascular reactivity was determined using high-frequency cerebral physiology for the derivation of three intracranial pressure (ICP)-based indices: 1) pressure reactivity index (PRx)-correlation between ICP and mean arterial pressure (MAP); 2) pulse amplitude index (PAx)-correlation between pulse amplitude of ICP (AMP) and MAP; and 3) RAC-correlation between AMP and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). Insult burden (% time above clinically defined thresholds) were calculated for these indices. These cerebral physiology indices were studied for their relationship with age via linear regression, age trichotomization (< 40, 40 - 60, > 60), and decades of age (< 30, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, > 69) schemes. Similarly, differences based on biological sex were assessed. A statistically significant positive linear correlation was found between PAx, RAC, and age. In corollary, a statistically significant relationship was found between increasing age on trichotomized and decades of age analysis with PAx and RAC measures. PRx failed to demonstrate such relationships to advancing age. There was no clear difference in cerebrovascular reactivity profiles between biological sex categories. These findings suggest that AMP-based cerebrovascular reactivity indices may be better positioned to detect impairment in TBI patients with advancing age. Further investigation into the utility of PAx and RAC is required, as they may prove useful for certain subgroups of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1098-1111
JournalJournal of Neurotrauma
Issue number11-12
Early online date1 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023

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