Identification and and Characterization of Cardiac Troponin T Fragments in Serum of Patients Suffering from Acute Myocardial Infarction

Alexander S. Streng, Douwe de Boer, William P. T. M. van Doom, Freek G. Bouwman, Edwin C. M. Mariman, Otto Bekers, Marja P. van Dieijen-Visser, Will K. W. H. Wodzig*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is the preferred biomarker for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). It has been suggested that cTnT is present predominantly in fragmented forms in human serum following AMI. In this study, we have used a targeted mass spectrometry assay and epitope mapping using Western blotting to confirm this hypothesis.

METHODS: cTnT was captured from the serum of 12 patients diagnosed with AMI using an immunoprecipitation technique employing the M11.7 catcher antibody and fractionated with SDS-PAGE. Coomassie-stained bands of 4 patients at 37, 29, and 16 kDa were excised from the gel, digested with trypsin, and analyzed on a Q Exactive instrument set on targeted Selected Ion Monitoring mode with data-dependent tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) for identification. Western blotting employing 3 different antibodies was used for epitope mapping.

RESULTS: Ten cTnT peptides of interest were targeted. By using MS/MS, all of these peptides were identified in the 37-kDa, intact, cTnT band. In the 29- and 16-kDa fragment bands, 8 and 4 cTnT-specific peptides were identified, respectively. Some of these peptides were "semitryptic," meaning that their C-termini were not formed by trypsin cleavage. The C-termini of these semitryptic peptides represent the C-terminal end of the cTnT molecules present in these bands. These results were confirmed independently by epitope mapping.

CONCLUSIONS: Using LC-MS, we have succeeded in positively identifying the 29- and 16-kDa fragment bands as cTnT-derived products. The amino acid sequences of the 29- and 16-kDa fragments are Ser79-Trp297 and Ser79-G1n199, respectively. (C) 2016 American Association for Clinical Chemistry

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-572
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Chemistry
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017

Keywords

  • MASS-SPECTROMETRY
  • DEGRADATION
  • PROTEOMICS
  • PEPTIDES
  • RELEASE
  • ASSAYS
  • TIME
  • QUANTIFICATION
  • CHROMATOGRAPHY
  • LABORATORIES

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