A considerable number of patients develop sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) after oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy for colorectal liver metastases (CLMs). SOS is associated with adverse outcomes after major hepatectomy. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a marker of hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cell function and may serve as an accurate marker of SOS. This study aimed to assess the value of systemic HA levels and fractional extraction (FE) of HA by the splanchnic area and liver as markers of SOS after oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy for CLMs.
Forty patients were studied. The presence of SOS was assessed histopathologically. Blood samples from the radial artery and portal and hepatic veins were collected. HA levels were determined by ELISA and the FE of HA was estimated.
SOS was present in 23 patients, 11 of whom demonstrated moderate or severe SOS. Preoperative HA levels were significantly higher in patients with moderate or severe SOS (group B, n = 11) compared to patients with no or mild SOS (group A, n = 29) (51.6 +/- A 10.2 ng/mL vs. 32.1 +/- A 3.5 ng/mL, p = 0.030). A cutoff HA level of 44.1 ng/mL yielded a sensitivity of 67 % and specificity of 83 % for detection of SOS. The positive predictive value was 50 % and the negative predictive value 91 %. Both groups exhibited a similar FE of HA by the splanchnic area (-7.9 +/- A 8.5 % in Group A vs. 7.3 +/- A 3.6 % in Group B, p = 0.422) and liver (-10.7 +/- A 6.2 % in Group A vs. 4.6 +/- A 2.3 % in Group B, p = 0.265).
Systemic HA levels can be used to detect patients at risk of SOS after oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy for CLMs. Additional investigations into the presence of SOS are indicated in patients with elevated HA levels.
- NODULAR REGENERATIVE HYPERPLASIA
- RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
- PREOPERATIVE CHEMOTHERAPY
- VENOOCCLUSIVE DISEASE
- MAJOR HEPATECTOMY
- SERUM HYALURONAN