Host Polymorphisms in TLR9 and IL10 Are Associated With the Outcomes of Experimental Haemophilus ducreyi Infection in Human Volunteers

Martin Singer, Wei Li, Servaas A. Morre, Sander Ouburg, Stanley M. Spinola*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background. In humans inoculated with Haemophilus ducreyi, there are host effects on the possible clinical outcomes-pustule formation versus spontaneous resolution of infection. However, the immunogenetic factors that influence these outcomes are unknown. Here we examined the role of 14 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 7 selected pathogen-recognition pathways and cytokine genes on the gradated outcomes of experimental infection. Methods. DNAs from 105 volunteers infected with H. ducreyi at 3 sites were genotyped for SNPs, using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The participants were classified into 2 cohorts, by race, and into 4 groups, based on whether they formed 0, 1, 2, or 3 pustules. chi(2) tests for trend and logistic regression analyses were performed on the data. Results. In European Americans, the most significant findings were a protective association of the TLR9 +2848 GG genotype and a risk-enhancing association of the TLR9 TA haplotype with pustule formation; logistic regression showed a trend toward protection for the TLR9 +2848 GG genotype. In African Americans, logistic regression showed a protective effect for the IL10 -2849 AA genotype and a risk-enhancing effect for the IL10 AAC haplotype. Conclusions. Variations in TLR9 and IL10 are associated with the outcome of H. ducreyi infection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-495
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016


  • Haemophilus ducreyi
  • chancroid
  • skin ulcers
  • immunogenetics
  • humans
  • innate immunity

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