Heart Rate During an Exercise Test and Acute High-intensity Interval Training in Type 2 Diabetes

O. Andrade-Mayorga, R. Mancilla, E. Diaz, C. Alvarez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)


To describe and compare the acute heart rate changes during an incremental exercise test and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in subjects of different glucose control. Seventy-five adults were allocated into three groups: Normoglycaemic (NG, n= 32), Pre- (PreT2D, n= 30) and Type 2 diabetic (T2D, n= 13) subjects. Subjects performed an incremental cycling test to determine cardiorespiratory fitness (VO (2) max), maximum heart rate (HRmax) and HR recovery post maximal effort, as well as a HIIT cycling session. HR variations are reported as HR pre (HR-pre (INT) ), and post interval (HR-post (INT) ), percentage of maximum HR (%HRmax), delta of HR increased ( increment HR (INT) ), and delta HR recovery after each interval ( increment HRR). By groups, there was a significant difference for the %HRmax in 1 (st) and 2 (nd) , but not in intervals 3 (rd) to 10 (th) between Pre-T2D and T2D groups. There were significant differences for the %HRmax in 1 (st) to 2 (nd) intervals between Pre-T2D and T2D groups. Significant ( P< 0.05) differences at some intervals were found for Delta HR (INT) , and Delta HRR. These findings suggest that the HR during an incremental exercise test, and from a typical 10-intervals based HIIT protocol could be used as an intensity marker for individuals independent of their glycaemic control.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-372
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020


  • capacity
  • cardiometabolic disease
  • chronotropic incompetence
  • diabetes mellitus type 2
  • exercise
  • fat
  • heart rate
  • high-intensity interval training
  • increases
  • low-volume
  • physiological adaptations
  • prediabetes
  • FAT

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