Genetic studies in intellectual disability and related disorders

Lisenka E. L. M. Vissers, Christian Gilissen, Joris A. Veltman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Genetic factors play a major part in intellectual disability (ID), but genetic studies have been complicated for a long time by the extreme clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Recently, progress has been made using different next-generation sequencing approaches in combination with new functional readout systems. This approach has provided novel insights into the biological pathways underlying ID, improved the diagnostic process and offered new targets for therapy. In this Review, we highlight the insights obtained from recent studies on the role of genetics in ID and its impact on diagnosis, prognosis and therapy. We also discuss the future directions of genetics research for ID and related neurodevelopmental disorders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-18
JournalNature Reviews Genetics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2016


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