Factors associated with changes in health-related quality of life in children with cystic fibrosis during 1-year follow-up

Marieke van Horck, Bjorn Winkens, Geertjan Wesseling, Karin de Winter-de Groot, Ilja de Vreede, Quirijn Jöbsis, Edward Dompeling*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


There are limited data on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) changes over time in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). We investigated associations between clinical and treatment variables with changes in HRQoL during 1 year. Forty-nine children with CF aged 6-18 years were followed in this multicentre, observational cohort study during 1 year. HRQoL was measured by the validated disease specific cystic fibrosis questionnaire-revised (CFQ-R). The CFQ-R total score as well as most domain scores improved significantly (8.0 points and [3.3-31.7] points respectively) during the one-year follow-up. Age at baseline demonstrated a strong longitudinal association with the change of CFQ-R total score (2.853 points decrease of CFQ-R total score per year increase in age) and several domain scores. Below 12 years of age, CFQ-R total score improved in most children, whereas a deterioration was observed in most children above 12 years. The number of PEx was associated with an increase of treatment burden score (4.466 points decrease per extra PEx).

CONCLUSION: In the group as a whole, HRQoL improved significantly over time. However, changes over time were significantly influenced by age: below 12 years of age, HRQoL improved in most patients whereas a deterioration was observed in most children >12 years. Strategies how to preserve or ideally to improve HRQoL in adolescence should be developed. What is known: • Quality of life in patient with CF is diminished • Although CF is a chronic disease, longitudinal data on QoL in children with CF are scarce. What is new: • Below 12 years of age, quality of life improved in most children during the 1-year follow-up whereas a deterioration in quality of life was observed in most children above 12 years. • the treatment burden score of QoL correlated with the exacerbation rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1047-1054
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017


  • Journal Article
  • Longitudinal design
  • Children
  • Cystic fibrosis (CF)
  • Quality of life

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