Facilitated attentional disengagement from negative information in relation to self-reported depressive symptoms of Dutch female undergraduate students

P.A.M. van Deurzen, J. Roelofs, D.I. Slaats-Willemse, M. Rinck, J.K. Buitelaar, A.E.M. Speckens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Prior research has shown that depressive symptoms are associated with an enhanced attention toward negative stimuli and difficulty of disengaging attention from negative stimuli. The current study was an extension of a 2005 study by Koster and colleagues. A different stimulus presentation time and word set were used. The whole range of depressive symptoms was included in this sample instead of creating dichotomized groups. The Exogenous Cueing Task with negative, positive, and neutral cues was administered to 85 female undergraduate university students. Participants completed the Beck's Depression Inventory-II-NL questionnaire to measure self-reported depression. Contrary to previous findings, depressive symptoms were related to a facilitated rather than impaired attentional disengagement from negative stimuli. An explanation for the discrepancy with findings from Koster, et al. may be the different stimulus presentation time (1,000 msec, instead of 500 or 1,500 msec). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-262
Number of pages11
JournalPsychological Reports
Volume108
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • EMOTIONAL INFORMATION
  • SELECTIVE ATTENTION
  • GENERALIZED ANXIETY
  • BIAS
  • INVENTORY
  • DISORDER
  • SPECIFICITY
  • ADOLESCENTS
  • CHILDREN

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