External beam radiotherapy for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma, an international multicenter phase I trial, SAKK 77/07 and SASL 26

Evelyn Herrmann*, Diana Naehrig, Manfred Sassowsky, Martin Bigler, Jeroen Buijsen, Ilja Ciernik, Daniel Zwahlen, Alessandra Franzetti Pellanda, Andreas Meister, Peter Brauchli, Simona Berardi, Erika Kuettel, Jean-Francois Dufour, Daniel M. Aebersold, Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research (SAKK)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Purpose: To assess feasibility and safety of conventionally fractionated radiotherapy (cfRT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Methods: Patients with histologically confirmed stage cT1-4, cN0-1 HCC and Child-Pugh Score (CPS) A or B disease were included in a phase I multicenter trial. Metastatic HCC were allowed if >= 90% of total tumor volume was located within the liver. Patients were enrolled onto five dose-escalation levels (54-70Gy in 2Gy fractions) based on a modified 3 + 3 design, with cohorts of five patients instead of three patients in dose levels 4 and 5. Primary trial endpoint was dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), as specifically defined for 17 clinical and nine laboratory parameters as grade >= 3 or >= 4 toxicity (CTCAE vs. 3). The threshold to declare a dose level as maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was defined as a DLT rate of

Results: The trial was terminated early in DL 3 due to low accrual. Nineteen patients were recruited. Fifteen patients were evaluable for the primary and 18 for the secondary endpoints. Maximum tolerated dose was not reached. One patient in dose level 1, and one patient in dose level 2 experienced DLT (lipase > 5xULN, and neutrophils

Conclusion: Conventionally fractionated radiotherapy of 58Gy to even large HCC was safe for patients with CPS A and B. 62Gy was delivered to three patients without any sign of clinically relevant increased toxicity. The maximum tolerated dose could not be determined.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12
Number of pages9
JournalRadiation Oncology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Conformal radiotherapy
  • Liver
  • Radiation toxicity
  • STEREOTACTIC BODY RADIOTHERAPY
  • CONFORMAL RADIATION-THERAPY
  • TRANSCATHETER ARTERIAL CHEMOEMBOLIZATION
  • INDUCED LIVER-DISEASE
  • TRANSARTERIAL CHEMOEMBOLIZATION
  • NORMAL TISSUE
  • INTRAHEPATIC MALIGNANCIES
  • RADIOFREQUENCY ABLATION
  • HEPATOBILIARY CANCERS
  • MRECIST RESPONSES

Cite this